arhritis treatment,Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, systemic inflammatory disorder that may affect many tissues and organs, but principally attacks flexible (synovial) joints. It causes inflammation of the tissues around the joints leading to joint swelling, stiffness and pain.
The persistent inflammation of the synovial membrane causes bone damage by cartilage destruction and small erosions start to appear.
Being progressive in nature, in the long term, rheumatoid arthritis can lead to joint destruction, severe disability and loss of mobility.
The exact cause is unknown
-Being Auto Immune in Nature , The genetic plays an important role in the disease.
-Infections (bacterial, viral or fungal) or certain factors in the environment are also suspected to be a trigger
-Cigarette smoking increases the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis
-Hormonal changes may cause the disease to flare up after pregnancy and during breast-feedingg breast-feeding
-The disease first attacks peripheral joints like the proximal interphalangeal joints (PIP) and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints of the hands, wrists, shoulders, elbows, knees, ankles, and metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints of the feet.
– the affected joints become red, swollen, painful, and tender. The pain usually gets worse from movement and there is stiffness of joints, mostly after long rest or sitting.
– morning stiffness lasting up to few hours.
-In chronic cases the joints of fingers may be fixed in a certain way giving rise to ‘swan-neck deformity’ or ’boutonniere deformity’ arhritis treatment
-Low grade fever and weight loss are also seen.
-The disability to do daily work will lead to depression and stress.
-Rheumatoid nodules: These are small, firm, painless bumps of tissue under the skin and are commonly seen on arms, elbows, knees and on pressure points on feet.
–Other secondary complications such as pulmonary fibrosis, renal damage, and even heart damage are also .
-Pulmonary nodules, pulmonary fibrosis, pleuritis
-Eye affection: Episcleritis, Scleritis
– Loss of calcium form the bones that makes them fragile and porous
Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatments
-Physical therapy, ortho care, occupational therapy and nutritional therapy are used, but these do not stop the progression of joint destruction.
-Painkillers) and anti-inflammatory drugs, including steroids, are used to suppress the symptoms.
-Disease-modifying ant rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) are required to inhibit or halt the underlying immune process and prevent long-term damage.